US Rules of Engagement

US Rules of Engagement | us-military | Military Special Interests War Propaganda World News

ROE define how force may be used in combat – what’s acceptable, unacceptable, under what conditions.

Geneva breaches and other laws of war fall outside of ROE. Military operations are governed by laws of war and international humanitarian law.

All nations are required to observe them. International and domestic laws universally recognize the right of self-defense in response to an attack or an imminent one.

Military necessity permits use of force not prohibited by the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC). Distinguishing between civilians and military targets v. civilians and non-military ones is required.

Proportionality prohibits disproportionate, indiscriminate force likely to cause damage or loss of civilian lives.

Precautions must be taken to avoid and minimize noncombatant casualties, as well as damage to non-military sites.

Under Fourth Geneva, civilians must be given “effective advance warning” and “neutralized zones” where they can be as protected as much as possible.

Fourth Geneva also prohibits collective punishment; destruction of private property; torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and other protections for noncombatants.

In all US wars, ROE violate core rule of law principles. Washington rules alone apply. Civilians in harm’s way have no place to hide.

Mass slaughter and destruction go on in all US war theaters, creating chaos and enormous human suffering.

During the 2003 Iraq war, US ROE authorized field commanders to kill every military-aged Iraqi in sight. Cold-blooded murder was officially OK’d.

The same policy is followed in Afghanistan, earlier in Libya, Yemen, Syria and Iraq – notably in the battle for Mosul.

Civilians are being slaughtered in cold blood, US terror-bombing striking residential areas and other non-military sites. Since the battle began last October, perhaps thousands of noncombatants perished. Pentagon claims otherwise are false.

RT’s Ruptly TV interviewed residents able to flee the city. One man said ISIS fighters “go on rooftops of the houses and the families (inside) don’t know. Then the aircraft come and bomb it,” burying families under rubble.

“We are asking for bombing specific targets. There are still families inside the houses and the aircraft keep bombing. We are asking the coalition planes to be specific when they bomb. They were bombing randomly,” he said.

Another resident said “(t)he planes waited until one of the Daesh walked out into the street and then they struck. The fighter was only injured, but 11 members of one family in the house next door were instantly killed.”

“They dropped leaflets over the city telling us not to worry about the strikes, saying that they were extremely precise and would not hurt the civilians,” another man said, adding:

“(I)t feels like the coalition is killing more people than” ISIS fighters.

America created and supports ISIS, al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups. Wars raging in multiple theaters aim to advance its imperium.

They’re not about humanitarian intervention or democracy building. Millions of casualties attest to what US belligerence is all about.

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U.S. Army Creates World’s First 3D Printed Grenade Launcher

U.S. Army Creates World’s First 3D Printed Grenade Launcher | rambo-3d-printed-grenade-launcher | Military Military Weapons US News

By: Daniel Lang, The Daily Sheeple |

The last thing you would expect is for the US military to create a 3D printed gun. After all, you’d think that an organization as large and well-funded as our military wouldn’t need plastic guns. 3D printers are for people who don’t have massive factories at their disposal, but the Army has the military-industrial complex.

Nonetheless, the US Army recently revealed that they have created a 3D printed grenade launcher, which they have appropriately dubbed RAMBO or Rapid Additively Manufactured Ballistics Ordnance. It was designed by the Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command and the U.S. Army Manufacturing Technology Program.

RAMBO contains only 50 parts, and with the exception of a few springs and fasteners, is all 3D printed. However, not all of these pieces are plastic. The barrel and receiver are aluminum, and were printed by a metal sintering machine. The Army is also working on printing the 40mm ammunition that goes with the weapon. Early tests show that the weapon functions, and now the Army is testing its reliability under long-term use.

So why does the army want to build 3D printed weapons in the first place? They don’t explicitly say, but RAMBO and its ammo was designed and produced in 6 months, which is far shorter than what it would take to create a new weapon from scratch using traditional channels in the arms industry.

The Army probably doesn’t intend to actually deploy this prototype weapon. One could only guess, but it’s more likely that they are prototyping the concept of designing their own weapons. The research and development phase of any weapon is notoriously long and expensive, so by doing that part themselves they could skirt around the arms industry and save a ton of money.

The only question is, will the military-industrial complex abide this money saving measure?


Daniel Lang is a researcher and staff writer for The Daily Sheeple – Wake The Flock Up!

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The CIA Can Now Order Drone Strikes Without Pentagon Approval

The CIA Can Now Order Drone Strikes Without Pentagon Approval | drone-operators-1024x576 | CIA Drones Government Military Pentagon Trump

(image: U.S. Air Force/Tech. Sgt. Nadine Barclay)

By: Ben Sullivan, Motherboard |

President Trump is widening the CIA’s remit on targeted killing.

Last November, Motherboard asked how President Trump would handle the legacy of his predecessor’s drone program. Much was unclear, but four months later, we have our answer: America’s remote killing strategy is only intensifying.

Trump has given unprecedented power to the CIA to expand its killing program and launch drone strikes against targets, drone strikes that have no legal obligation for public disclosure and do not require the the approval of the Pentagon.

Dan Gettinger, co-director at the Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College, told Motherboard in an email that Trump’s decision repeals a central restriction placed on the targeted killing program by the Obama administration.

In a distinct change to Obama’s policies, which allowed the CIA to hunt and surveil suspected terror targets but required the permission of the military to physically launch a missile strike, The Wall Street Journal reports that Trump has given the CIA authority to pull the trigger on its own strikes. This decision came shortly after his inauguration, and has already been used in a strike against al Qaeda deputy Abu al-Khayr al-Masri in February, the newspaper reports.

“Although the CIA never abandoned its role in drone strikes, the agency will now have greater freedom to carry out strikes on its own,” Gettinger said. “In the coming months, we are likely to see a further redefinition of the targeted killing program by the Trump administration.”

The unnamed US officials speaking to the Journal said that the new authority the CIA possesses can only be used for operations in Syria, but there are fears the CIA could easily expand its remit to outside of the country.

Obama’s decision to allow the military to preside over the final call on drone strikes, rather than the CIA, promoted heightened transparency and public disclosure on America’s drone operations. The CIA can now kill at will, unaffected by the need for public disclosure.

The revelation comes as US officials admit the Trump administration has almost put the finishing touches on a drone strike review that lowers the threshold on acceptable civilian casualties injured or killed in a drone strike, according to The Washington Post. The review goes back on policies Obama introduced, and could give the Pentagon permission to launch its own strikes without the approval from the White House.

It was previously unclear how Trump would wage his war against terror, but it is now obvious that the drone strike complex initiated by Bush, propelled by Obama, and now inherited by Trump continues to expand along the same trajectory.

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Global Leaders Rattle Their Sabers As The World Marches Toward War

Global Leaders Rattle Their Sabers As The World Marches Toward War | The-World-Marches-Toward-War-Public-Domain | Government Military Sleuth Journal Trump War Propaganda World News

Iran just conducted another provocative missile test, more U.S. troops are being sent to the Middle East, it was just announced that the U.S. military will be sending B-1 and B-52 bombers to South Korea in response to North Korea firing four missiles into the seas near Japan, and China is absolutely livid that a U.S. carrier group just sailed through contested waters in the South China Sea.  We have entered a season where leaders all over the globe feel a need to rattle their sabers, and many fear that this could be leading us to war.  In particular, Donald Trump is going to be under the microscope in the days ahead as other world leaders test his resolve.  Will Trump be able to show that he is tough without going over the edge and starting an actual conflict?

The Iranians made global headlines on Thursday when they conducted yet another ballistic missile test despite being warned by Trump on numerous occasions…

As tensions between the U.S. and Iran continue to mount, the semi-official news agency Tasnim is reporting that Iran’s Revolutionary Guard has successfully conducted yet another ballistic missile test, this time from a navy vessel.  Called the Hormuz 2, these latest missiles are designed to destroy moving targets at sea at ranges up to 300 km (180 miles).

Reports on the latest test quotes Amir Ali Hajizadeh, commander of the IRGC’s Aerospace Force, who confirmed that “the naval ballistic missile called Hormuz 2 successfully destroyed a target which was 250 km away.”

The missile test is the latest event in a long-running rivalry between Iran and the United States in and around the Strait of Hormuz, which guards the entrance to the Gulf. About 20% of the world’s oil passes through the waterway, which is less than 40 km wide at its narrowest point.

So how will Trump respond to this provocation?

Will he escalate the situation?  If he does nothing he will look weak, but if he goes too far he could risk open conflict.

Elsewhere in the Middle East, things are already escalating.  It is being reported that “several hundred Marines” are on the ground in Syria to support an assault on the city of Raqqa, and another 1,000 troops could be sent to Kuwait to join the fight against ISIS any day now.  The following comes from Zero Hedge

While the Trump administration waits to decide if it will send 1,000 troops to Kuwait to fight ISIS, overnight the Washington Post reported that the US has sent several hundred Marines to Syria to support an allied local force aiming to capture the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa. Defence officials said they would establish an outpost from which they could fire artillery at IS positions some 32km (20 miles) away. US special forces are already on the ground, “advising” the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) alliance according to the BBC.

The defence officials told the Washington Post that the Marines were from the San Diego-based 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit, and that they had flown to northern Syria via Djibouti and Kuwait. They are to set up an artillery battery that could fire powerful 155mm shells from M777 howitzers, the officials said. Another marine expeditionary unit carried out a similar mission at the start of the Iraqi government’s operation to recapture the city of Mosul from IS last year.

Meanwhile, China is spitting mad for several reasons.  For one, the Chinese are absolutely furious that South Korea has allowed the U.S. to deploy the THAAD missile defense system on their soil…

China is lashing out at South Korea and Washington for the deployment of a powerful missile defense system known as the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system, or THAAD, deposited at the Osan Air Base in South Korea on Monday evening.

The deployment of THAAD follows several ballistic missile tests by North Korea in recent months, including the launch of four missiles on Monday, three of which landed in the sea off the coast of Japan. Though THAAD would help South Korea protect itself from a North Korean missile attack, China is vocally protesting the deployment of the system, claiming it upsets the “strategic equilibrium” in the region because its radar will allow the United States to detect and track missiles launched from China.

Of course the U.S. needed to do something, because the North Koreans keep rattling their sabers by firing off more ballistic missiles toward Japan.

But it is one thing to deploy a missile defense system, and it is another thing entirely to fly strategic nuclear bombers into the region.

So if the Chinese were upset when THAAD was deployed, how will they feel when B-1 and B-52 bombers start showing up in South Korea?

Earlier this week, trigger-happy Kim pushed his luck once more when he fired off four ballistic missiles into the seas near Japan.

Now US military chiefs are reportedly planning to fly in B-1 and B-52 bombers – built to carry nuclear bombs – to show America has had enough.

South Korea and the US have also started their annual Foal Eagle military exercise sending a strong warning to North Korea over its actions.

A military official said 300,000 South Korean troops and 15,000 US personnel are taking part in the operation.

The Trump administration has openly stated that all options “are on the table” when it comes to North Korea, and that includes a military strike.

It has been more than 60 years since the Korean War ended, but many are concerned that we may be closer to a new Korean War than we have been at any point since that time.

And of course our relationship with China is tumbling precariously downhill as well.  Another reason why the Chinese are extremely upset with the Trump administration is because a U.S. Navy carrier battle group led by the USS Carl Vinson sailed past islands that China claims in the South China Sea just a few weeks ago.

In China, the media openly talks about the possibility of war with the United States over the South China Sea.  Most Americans are not even aware that the South China Sea is a very serious international issue, but over in China this is a major focus.

And the U.S. military has recently made several other moves in the region that have angered the Chinese

Also in February, the U.S. sent a dozen F-22 Raptor stealth fighters to Tindal AB in northern Australia, the closest Australian military airbase to China, for coalition training and exercises. It’s the first deployment of that many F-22s in the Pacific.

And if that didn’t get the attention of the Chinese government, the U.S. just tested four Trident II submarine-launched ballistic missiles during a nuclear war exercise, sending the simulated weapons 4,200 miles from the coast of California into the mid-Pacific. It’s the first time in three years the U.S. has conducted tests in the Pacific, and the first four-missile salvo since the end of the Cold War.

I can understand the need to look tough, but eventually somebody is going to go too far.

If you are familiar with my work, then you know that I believe that war is coming.  Things in the Middle East continue to escalate, and it is only a matter of time before a great war erupts between Israel and her neighbors.  Meanwhile, U.S. relations with both Russia and China continue to deteriorate, and this is something that I have been warning about for a very long time.

We should hope for peace, but we should also not be blind to the signs of war that are starting to emerge all over the planet.  Relatively few people anticipated the outbreak of World War I and World War II in advance, and I have a feeling that the same thing will be true for World War III.

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US Mission Creep in Syria and Iraq

US Mission Creep in Syria and Iraq | mission-creep-syria-iraq-war | Military War Propaganda World News

(image: Youtube)

According to reports, around 5,000 US troops operate in Iraq-with so-called permission from the puppet regime it installed.

Hundreds of US special forces are in Syria, now joined by unknown numbers of combat marines, America’s total military presence not officially announced, the Pentagon citing operational security.

US forces invaded Syria illegally, without permission from Damascus, on the phony pretext of combating ISIS America created and supports.

On March 9, the Army Times reported an additional 2,500 US combat troops are being sent to Kuwait – likely in preparation for America’s greater intervention in Syria and Iraq.

They “include elements of the 82nd Airborne Division’s 2nd Brigade Combat Team.” According to General Joseph Anderson, they’ll be “postured…to do all things Mosul, Raqqa, and in between.”

The Army Times said “about 6,000 American troops (are) spread between Iraq and Syria.” Many it’s many more than believed.

CENTCOM chief General Joseph Votel said conventional US combat troops are needed in Syria – perhaps to establish a permanent American presence, aiding terrorists combat government forces.

Likely greater numbers of US combat troops are heading for Iraq, escalating conflict in both countries. According to Votel, they’ll be a larger and longer military presence in both theaters – on the phony pretext of combating ISIS.

Mission creep followed Trump’s ascension to power. His campaign opposition to US regional wars was deceptive political bluster.

His first 50 days in office indicate continued US aggression in multiple theaters – perhaps new adventurism planned ahead.

Reckless US imperial wars on his watch perhaps head him for Nobel Peace Prize recognition like his predecessor.

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Greater US Aggression Under Trump Coming?

Greater US Aggression Under Trump Coming? | donald-trump4 | Military Trump US News War Propaganda

Nearly straightaway in office, Trump proved he’s the latest in a long line of US warrior presidents.

He’s continuing naked aggression in multiple theaters, upping the stakes in Syria and Yemen, increasing numbers of US combat troops in both countries, perhaps more headed for Iraq.

At the urging of CENTCOM chief General Joseph Votel, he may increase America’s military presence in Afghanistan.

Earlier this week, a joint statement by US, UK and French ambassadors to Libya expressed concern about escalated violence in and around the country’s oil installations – urging a “unified military force” to protect them.

Will US-led NATO combat troop deployments follow? Candidate Trump criticized wasting trillions of dollars on warmaking, creating a mess in all theaters, depriving the country of vitally needed revenue for homeland needs.

President Trump is like the Clintons, Bush/Cheney and Obama, continuing imperial wars, escalating them, perhaps planning new aggression, shunning peace and stability – along with breaking his promise to cooperate with Russia in combating terrorism.

He’s aiding, not combating it, terror-bombing infrastructure in Syria and Iraq, massacring civilians, perhaps intending larger US combat troop deployments to both countries than already there.

In Thursday testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee members, General Votel said Russia’s involvement in Syria (legally at the behest of its government) “negatively impacted the regional balance of power,” adding:

“Iran has expanded cooperation with Russia in Syria in ways that threaten US interests in the region…aspir(ing) to be a regional hegemon and its forces and proxies oppose US interests in Iraq, Yemen, Lebanon, Gaza and Syria, and seek to hinder achievement of US objectives in Afghanistan and some Central Asian States.”

Will the Islamic Republic be Washington’s next imperial target? Longstanding plans call for regime change. An earlier color revolution failed.

War plans were prepared years ago, updated to stay current to the times. Anti-Russia comments are worrisome. Pentagon, Capitol Hill and administration hawks may yearn for confrontation.

America’s military footprint abroad has nothing to do with combating terrorism as claimed – everything to do with advancing its imperium, along with waging endless wars to feed the ravenous appetite of its military/industrial/media complex on the phony pretext of humanitarian intervention and democracy building.

Post-WW II, nations America attacked threatened no one. They were targeted for their sovereign independence. Others not subservient to US interests are on its hit list.

Hostility toward Russia, China and Iran should scare everyone. Hillary’s defeat didn’t end the risk of nuclear war.

Neocons infesting Washington make the unthinkable possible by design or accident. Will America’s rage for unchallenged global dominance doom us all?

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Robot Soldiers: Russia’s New Weapons Of War

Robot Soldiers: Russia's New Weapons Of War | robot-soldiers | Military Military Weapons Science & Technology Sleuth Journal Special Interests World News

By: Bruce Wright, IBD Times |

Russia was preparing to display its military might to the world by showing off its latest weaponry: an updated version of its robot soldiers. The country’s military was expected to fully participate in the upcoming ARMY-2017 International Military-Technical Forum this summer, according to Sputnik News.

While details were scarce, Moscow debuted one of its fleet of military robots at least year’s ARMY-2017. This year’s forum will serve as a stage for Russia to showcase the latest developments it has made for its autonomous weapons of war.

“The advanced development of the Russian Defense Ministry’s Main Research and Testing Robotics Center will be demonstrated,” Moscow’s equivalent of the Pentagon said in a statement Monday.

The military robots, which have been given such nicknames as “Iron Man” and “Ivan the Terminator,” were expected to be a hot commodity at ARMY-2017, where a number of countries have already expressed interest in the mechanical weaponry, according to Russia Beyond the Headlines.

Russia has already introduced its robotic tanks, called the Uran-9, to great fanfare by countries looking to bolster their military capabilities. The Uran-9 line was developed and manufactured by Rosoboronexport, which was confident in the mass appeal of robotic weaponry to other countries.

 


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US Terror-Bombs Yemen

US Terror-Bombs Yemen | yemen-war-bombing-1024x683 | Drones Military War Propaganda World News

(image: latimes.com)

Drone terror-bombings began in Yemen under Bush/Cheney, continued under Obama, now under Trump, Saudi Arabia involved as a convenient US proxy.

On January 29, a deadly US special forces raid on a Yemeni village massacred at least two dozen civilians, achieving nothing but deaths and destruction.

Days later, Trump press secretary Sean Spicer lied, claiming “(w)e gathered an unbelievable amount of intelligence that will prevent the potential deaths or attacks on American soil.”

Not according to unnamed US officials, likely Obama holdovers, telling NBC News the mission gained no “actionable intelligence” – nothing not already known.

It’s unclear why it was undertaken in the first place. Washington supports ISIS, al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups, Trump yet to prove he intends smashing them as promised – despite the Pentagon saying it carried out multiple airstrikes on Yemen.

Using drones and warplanes, targets in Abyan, al-Bayda and Shabwah governorates were struck – allegedly against al-Qaeda, more likely against Houthi fighters, almost certainly harming defenseless civilians most.

According to Pentagon spokesman navy Captain Jeff Davis, “(t)he strikes will degrade the AQAP’s ability to coordinate external terror attacks and limit their ability to use territory seized from the legitimate government of Yemen as a safe space for terror plotting.”

The raids were carried out “in partnership” with the illegitimate Yemeni government, headed by US-installed puppet president Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi.

More airstrikes occurred on Friday. US special forces were sent to southern Yemen – allegedly to engage al-Qaeda fighters, civilians most likely killed.

US and Saudi operations want Houthi rebels defeated. Forces battling them are aided, not targeted.

 


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Provocative Deployment of US THAAD Missiles in South Korea

Provocative Deployment of US THAAD Missiles in South Korea | thaad | Military Military Weapons Special Interests War Propaganda World News

Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD). © Missile Defense Agency / AFP

Washington intends deploying so-called Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) anti-ballistic missile systems in South Korea.

They’re designed to intercept and down short, medium and intermediate-range ballistic missiles in their terminal phase. Instead of warheads, they rely on impact kinetic energy to destroy incoming missiles.

Claiming they won’t detonate ones with nuclear weapons is highly doubtful. A similar navy program is called the sea-based Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System. Aegis ashore is land-based.

South Koreans oppose THAADs, fearful of potential hazardous radiation and areas where they’ll be deployed targeted in case of war.

Anti-THAAD protests were held since Washington and Seoul announced the plan last July, a target date not given.

Both governments claim THAADs are to protect against possible North Korean missile attacks. Throughout its post-WW II history, Pyongyang never attacked another country.

In June 1950, it responded to Truman’s aggression, initially using South Korea’s military as a provocative proxy force.

Deploying THAADs is more about targeting Russia and China than North Korea. Moscow expressed concern, saying THAADs in South Korea “do not correspond to their stated goals and threaten to deal serious damage to the strategic security of neighboring countries, including China and Russia, and worsen the situation in the country.”

Beijing issued a similar statement, stressing “(t)he THAAD deployment…does no good (for) peace and stability on the Korean peninsula.

US Defense Secretary Mattis lied, saying THAADs will be deployed in response to Pyongyang’s “provocative behavior.”

Their radar capability lets Washington monitor regional activities. According Center for Korean Studies at the Institute of Far Eastern Studies chief research fellow Konstantin Asmolov:

THAAD radar can be quickly reconfigured to a mode where it will act as a sensor to detect the launch of ballistic missiles within a radius of up to two thousand kilometers, which allows for a significant part of China and the Russian Far East to be monitored and can be used as a part of a global ABM defense system of the USA.”

“It is no coincidence that besides South Korea, THAAD is also placed on Guam and in Alaska.”

They’re designed to down missiles at altitudes ranging from 40 to 150 km. North Korean missiles fly at a lower altitude of about 20 km, showing Washington’s deployment (likely by summer) mainly targets China and Russia’s far east.

In January, Moscow and Beijing announced “unspecified” measures to counter their deployment, warning of escalating tensions and instigating an arms race.

Last December, Trump tweeted America “must greatly strengthen and expand its nuclear capability until such time as the world comes to its senses regarding nukes.”

The next day on MSNBC, he said “(l)et if be an arms race. We will outmatch them at every pass and outlast them all” – spoken like a warrior, not a peacemaker.

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Congressional Hawks Want More Defense Spending Than Trump Seeks

Congressional Hawks Want More Defense Spending Than Trump Seeks | thornberry-mac | Government Military Pentagon US Congress

(image: © Greg Nash | The Hill)

House Armed Services Committee chairman Mac Thornberry (R. TX), his Senate counterpart John McCain (R. AZ), and likely most other congressional hawks want more defense spending than Trump proposed – his sought increase more than 80% of what Russia spent last year, reported by RT.

He wants already bloated spending for militarism increased by $54 billion to $603 billion. Thornberry and McCain proposed a $640 billion base budget – not counting hundreds of billions of dollars spent annually in areas related to defense, huge intelligence black budgets, and frequent appropriated add-ons for US imperial wars.

America spends well over $1.5 trillion annually on so-called defense, with all related categories included, despite having no enemies except invented ones.

In a statement only neocons and war-profiteers could love, McCain said Trump’s proposed increase is “a mere 3 percent above President Obama’s defense budget, which has left our military underfunded, undersized, and unready to confront threats to our national security.”

“With a world on fire, America cannot secure peace through strength with just 3% more than President Obama’s budget. We can and must do better.”

Fact: America’s defense spending constitutes a black hole of waste, fraud and abuse. Government watchdogs identified hundreds of billions of dollars in potential savings from unneeded weapons, defective ones, no-bid excess, overpayments, and outright fraud.

Fact: The Defense Department and related areas have a virtual blank. War-profiteers cash in hugely. Congress ignores abusive practices, handing the Pentagon what it wants on the phony pretext of national security.

Fact: US imperial wars set the world ablaze. Peace and stability are anathema to administration and congressional policymakers. Endless wars on humanity are prioritized. The only solution is waging peace, a nonstarter in Washington.

Trump’s budget director Mick Mulvaney said it’s too soon to know how his proposed defense budget will make America’s military more muscular. A fuller DOD budget will come in May.

It’s unclear how added funds will be spent – other than for endless warmaking – at the expense of vital social and other domestic programs if Republicans get their way.

Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments defense budget analyst Katherine Blakely said Trump’s plan is designed to be “politically untenable for the Democrats while trying to be as favorable as possible for the Republicans.”

CATO Institute’s Benjamin Friedman believes the plan “won’t happen because Democrats will block it.”

Since budget caps were imposed under Obama (2011 Budget Control Act sequestration, addressing the debt-ceiling), Democrats pushed for maintaining a one-for-one trade between defense and domestic spending.

If congressional appropriations exceed these caps, broadly defined categories in all departments and programs are cut by an equal percentage, including defense – at least that’s how it’s supposed to work.

It’s the law of the land unless Congress changes it, enacted by Trump signing legislation. Republicans need 60 Senate votes to raise budget caps.

Democrats won’t likely agree without non-defense discretionary spending increases matching defense ones. Whether things work out this way remains to be seen.

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